There are numerous skin growths and lesions that appear throughout the body which their cause is unknown. These lesions are mainly removed for cosmetic purposes, because they cause discomfort, or due to a suspicion of cancer.
• Dermatofibroma: these growths that contain scar tissue are pink or red in color and are similar to the look and feel of a mole. The lumps can be removed surgically or flattened through freezing (cryosurgery).
• Prurigo Nodularis: a thick, tumor-like lesion that is a reactive growth due to itching and scratching. This condition is sometimes related to eczema or kidney failure and sometimes confused with squamous cell carcinoma, a type of skin cancer. Dr. Nikko offers various options for treatment.
• Pyogenic Granuloma: these are formed by many blood vessels that grow spontaneously and tend to bleed easily. There are various ways to remove these growths that appear most commonly in children.
• Sebaceous Cysts (Epidermoid and Pilar Cysts): a cyst is a closed, benign sac below the surface of the skin that is filled with a soft, cheesy-like material called sebum. If a cyst enlarges, becomes inflamed, breaks down, or is painful, it should be examined by Dr. Nikko immediately.
• Sebaceous Gland Hyperplasia: a disorder of the sebaceous glands in which they become enlarged and produce yellow, shiny bumps in the face. This condition can be treated with various laser and surgical procedures.
• Lipoma: a fatty tumor that appears as a soft lump. These are tender to touch but do not cause other symptoms. These tumors do not require treatment unless they become uncomfortable, tender, or in rare instances malignant. Treatments include surgical removal or liposuction.
• Neurofibroma: soft, fleshy, non-colored, benign growths that occur on or under the skin. Even though these nodules are asymptomatic, they can be surgically removed if bothersome.
• Seborrheic Keratoses: often mistaken by warts, these benign growths are very common and are sometimes confused with other types of skin conditions such as moles or melanomas. Treatments include cryosurgery (freezing), shaving, curettage (scraping) and electrodessication (burning).
• Moles (Nevi): these are very common growths that develop mainly throughout childhood. These pigmented, flat or elevated bumps vary in size and can disappear with time. Irregular moles however, may indicate a sign of melanoma or cancer. All moles should be examined by Dr. Nikko during yearly check-ups. If a change in size or color of any mole occurs immediately schedule an appointment with Dr. Nikko for evaluation.
• Warts (Verruca): are benign tumors caused by a viral infection in the top layer of the skin called Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) and can be spread person to person, sometimes indirectly. These growths vary in size and color depending on the type of wart:
1. Common Warts: these skin-colored lesions usually grow on the fingers and hands, especially in areas where the skin has been broken.
2. Foot Warts: these hard and sometimes painful lumps, often with multiple black specks in the center; are usually only found on pressure points on the soles of the feet.
3. Flat Warts: these smaller smoother warts are found around the face area and are more common in children than adults.